Home and Travel First aid kit
A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment that is used to give emergency medical treatment.
The international standard for first aid kits for an emergency is that they are identified with the ISO graphical symbol for first aid (from ISO 7010) which is an equal white cross on a green background under their guidelines.
A First aid kit is an essential part of daily life because it contains the items necessary to provide urgent care to a person in an emergency. A proper well-stocked first aid kit should be kept in your home, office, school, and the vehicle in easy to reach. It should be packed with your survival kit. In case of emergency, the first aid kit saves the time or person in small or large injuries.
You can buy a normal or well-stocked first aid kit from a drug store, red cross society, or make its own under the guidelines. Check out the expiry date, leakage of kit items, put all the bottles tightly, and clean the kit box from time to time.
The layout of a first aid kit-
The first aid kit is assembled according to the requirement in many types of containers, and this will depend on whether they are produced commercially or assembled for household use.
Standard kits often come in durable plastic boxes, fabric pouches, or cabinet boxes in their different use. The type of container will vary depending on the purpose, and they range in size from wallet-sized through to large boxes.
It is recommended from ISO guidelines that all kits are in a clean, waterproof container to keep the contents safe and aseptic. Kits should also be checked regularly and restocked in case any items are damaged or expired.
How to make your own First Aid Kit?
Try to keep your kit small and simple. Stock it with multi-use items. Anything that provides good visibility of contents that used for a household first aid kit but the emergency kit contains essential items as per the requirement.
- If your kit will be used for traveling or from one place to another then that should be a water-resistant, drop-proof container is best.
- Use an inexpensive box with a cabinet, nylon bag, recycle makeup box, plastic box, etc.
- Do not need to spend your lot of money on a fancy “First aid kit”.
- Put wound supplies in the cabinet of a bag and medications in another cabinet.
- Put the bottles tightly to prevent leakage in the first aid box.
- Check out the box from time to time for long-term use with the latest contents inside it.
- And you can buy a first aid kit from a medical store, red cross society for further use.
- Made own first aid kit under the guidelines of the local red cross society.
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What are the essentials that should a first aid kit include?
Bandages and Wound Care
- Alcohol wipes
- Antibacterial hand gel or wipes
- Antibiotic ointment packets, example- Bacitracin Zinc antibiotics ointment
- Antiseptic cream or wipes, example- Savlon antiseptic cream
- Antiseptic solution Example – hydrogen peroxide
- Bandages, adhesive (assorted sizes)
- Bandages, triangular (36 × 36 × 51 inches [100 × 100 × 143 cm])
- Cold packs (instant cold compresses)
- Cotton balls
- Elastic roller bandage with size – 3 inches (7.6 cm) wide
- Elastic roller bandage with size – 6 inches (15.2 cm) wide
- Eye pads
- Gauze roller bandage with size – 3 inches (7.6 cm) wide
- Gauze pads with size – 4 × 4 inches (10 cm × 10 cm) (sterile)
- Gauze pads with size – 5 × 9 inches (13 × 23 cm) (sterile)
- Gloves (latex or non-latex)
- Iodine wipes
- Insect sting relief
- Moleskin: An adhesive pad used to prevent and treat blisters, SAM (structural aluminum malleable) splint that built from a thin core of aluminum alloy and sandwiched between two layers of closed-cell foam and available in a roll or as a flat strip: A compact, lightweight splint designed for immobilizing bone and soft tissue injuries
- Steri-Strips: Adhesive strips that keep the edges of a wound together in the proper way
- Sterile water is for cleansing wounds, that kept in an unopened water bottle in different quantities like 100 ml, 500 ml, 1 liter or 3 liters, etc.
- Adhesive tape
- Vaseline petroleum jelly
- CPR face mask or face shield that used for breathing barrier with one-way valve
- Flashlight with extra cells
- Pocket knife
- Safety pins
- Shears that are heavy-duty serrated scissors with having a blunt end
- Suction bulb: used in emergency childbirth to remove secretions from the newborn’s nose and mouth
- Syringe (30 ml)- to flush eye, ear, or wound with sterile water.
- Thermometer (non-mercury/no glass)
- Tweezers: For taking out splinters or ticks
The given medication is used under the prescription of a registered physician or doctor. Use the required amount of medicine according to the prescription. The general medicine that is the part of a first aid kit are as follow-
- Acetaminophen (Tylenol): Relieves pain and reduces fever
- Antacid tablets (Rolaids, Tums): Relieve stomach indigestion
- Antihistamine (diphenhydramine [Benadryl]): Relieves sneezing, itchy and watery eyes from an allergy and also relieves itchiness from insect bites and stings and from poison ivy, oak, and sumac.
- Anti-fungal cream or ointment
- Aspirin: Relieves pain and reduces fever and inflammation (redness and swelling)
- Calamine lotion: an anti-itching lotion that used for treats mild sunburn, insect bites and stings, and rashes from poison ivy, oak, and sumac
- Cough suppressant
- Decongestant tablets
- EpiPen: Prescription medication (epinephrine) in an injectable form counteracts life-threatening allergic reactions
- Hydrocortisone (1%) cream or packet: Relieves minor skin irritations, itches, and rashes
- Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil): Relieves pain and reduces fever and inflammation (redness and swelling)
- Laxative: Relieves constipation
- Loperamide (Imodium): Relieves diarrhea
- Motion sickness tablets (dimenhydrinate [Dramamine]): Relieve nausea, vomiting, or dizziness associated with motion sickness.
- Nasal spray: Relieves symptoms of colds, stuffy nose, or blocked sinuses
Prescription medications: Especially for asthma, heart disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure, etc.
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How to Use a First Aid Kit properly?
Make sure that how to properly use all of the items in your kit, especially the medication under the guidelines. Train other persons in your family to use the kit in an emergency because you may be the person who needs first aid.
Use latex gloves to protect yourself from the bodily fluids of others. Check the kit twice a year and replace all the expired drugs and other contents. Keep the phone number of your family or local doctor, ambulance, and nearest hospital in the booklet, and keep the number with your kit.
Where to keep your first aid kit–
Keep out of reach of children.
• The best place to keep your first aid kit is in the kitchen because most family activities are taking place here. The bathroom has too much humidity so this shortens the shelf life of items of the kit.
• The travel kit is for trips that are away from home. Keep the first aid kit in a suitcase, backpack, or in the dry bag, depending on the activity.
• A first aid kit for everyday use in the car for traveling should be just like the home first aid kit. For that matter, you can keep similar kits in your boat (inside a waterproof bag), travel trailer, mobile home, camper, cabin, vacation home, and wherever you spend time for a long or short time.