M. Pharma: An introduction, eligibility, duration, subjects, with its opportunity.

What is M. Pharma?

M.pharma
Source-internet

M. Pharma or Master of pharmacy is a postgraduate academic degree in the field of pharmacy. M. Pharma deals with the aspects that are related to the pharmaceutical profession. It also concerned with the division of healthcare and chemical science which ensures the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs on their manufacturing and research.

In M. pharma the various branches like-pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, pharmaceutical chemistry, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutical marketing, pharmacy practice, pharmaceutical technology, pharmaceutical administration, Industrial Pharmacy, pharmaceutical analysis, and pharmaceutical biotechnology, etc.

After M. pharma you have many choices in industries, academics, and government sectors on the salary or yearly package.

Course and duration-

Master of Pharmacy (M. Pharma) – 2 years (4 Semesters)

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates must hold a B. Pharma degree from a PCI and AICTE approved Institute with minimum 55% marks in average in graduation and for SC/ST candidates are with 50%.  Also, the candidates with a B.Sc. in Biology /Zoology /Botany/Genetics /chemistry/ Biochemistry/Biotechnology / Microbiology, with a minimum of at least 50% marks in their graduation program.

(Note- It is compulsory to submit the migration certificate of graduation from the university where the candidate passed.)

National level M. Pharma Entrance exam-

ExamConducting Body  
GPAT  National Testing Agency
NIPERNational Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research

NIPER

Specialization of M. Pharma
Pharmaceutics  
Industrial Pharmacy  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry  
Pharmaceutical Analysis  
Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance  
Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs  
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology  
Pharmacy Practice  
Pharmacology  
Pharmacognosy  

Subjects for M. pharma in their specialization-

subject

The subjects in M. pharma are according to the specialization for in First year (1 and 2 semester) but in second year (3 and 4 semester) the subjects are same in all specialization with the internship. The given list of subject’s details is according to the PCI (Pharmacy Council of India) notification course regulation, 2014.

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmaceutics)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesMolecular Pharmaceutics (Nano Tech and Targeted DDS)
Drug Delivery System  Advanced Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics
Modern Pharmaceutics  Computer Aided Drug Delivery System  
Regulatory Affair  Cosmetic and Cosmeceuticals  
Pharmaceutics Practical I  Pharmaceutics Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Industrial Pharmacy)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesAdvanced Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics
Pharmaceutical Formulation Development  Scale up and Technology Transfer  
Novel drug delivery systems  Pharmaceutical Production Technology  
Intellectual Property Rights  Entrepreneurship Management  
Industrial Pharmacy Practical I  Industrial Pharmacy Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmaceutical Chemistry)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesAdvanced Spectral Analysis  
Advanced Organic Chemistry -I  Advanced Organic Chemistry -II  
Advanced Medicinal chemistry  Computer Aided Drug Design  
Chemistry of Natural Products  Pharmaceutical Process Chemistry  
Pharmaceutical Chemistry Practical I  Pharmaceutical Chemistry Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmaceutical Analysis)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesAdvanced Instrumental Analysis  
Advanced Pharmaceutical Analysis  Modern Bio-Analytical Techniques  
Pharmaceutical Validation  Quality Control and Quality Assurance  
Food Analysis  Herbal and Cosmetic Analysis  
Pharmaceutical Analysis Practical I  Pharmaceutical Analysis Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesHazards and Safety Management  
Quality Management System  Pharmaceutical Validation  
Quality Control and Quality Assurance  Audits and Regulatory Compliance  
Product Development and Technology TransferPharmaceutical Manufacturing Technology  
Pharmaceutical Quality Assurance Practical IPharmaceutical Quality Assurance Practical II

Subjects for M. pharma (Regulatory Affairs)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Good Regulatory Practices  Regulatory Aspects of Drugs & Cosmetics  
Documentation and Regulatory Writing Clinical Research RegulationsRegulatory Aspects of Herbal & Biologicals Regulatory Aspects of Medical Devices
Regulations and Legislation for Drugs & Cosmetics, Medical Devices, Biologicals & Herbals, and Food & Nutraceuticals in India and Intellectual Property RightsRegulatory Aspects of Food & Nutraceuticals  
Regulatory Affairs Practical I  Regulatory Affairs Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmaceutical Biotechnology)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesProteins and protein Formulation  
Microbial and Cellular Biology  Immunotechnology  
Bioprocess Engineering and Technology  Bioinformatics and Computer Technology  
Advanced Pharmaceutical Biotechnology  Biological Evaluation of Drug Therapy  
Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Practical I  Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmacy Practice)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Clinical Pharmacy Practice  Principles of Quality Use of Medicines  
Pharmacotherapeutics-I  Pharmacotherapeutics II  
Hospital & Community Pharmacy  Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring  
Clinical Research  Pharmacoepidemiology & Pharmacoeconomics
Pharmacy Practice Practical I  Pharmacy Practice Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmacology)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical TechniquesAdvanced Pharmacology II  
Advanced Pharmacology-I  Pharmacological and Toxicological Screening Methods-II
Pharmacological and Toxicological Screening Methods-IPrinciples of Drug Discovery  
Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology  Experimental Pharmacology practical- II  
Pharmacology Practical I  Pharmacology Practical II  

Subjects for M. pharma (Pharmacognosy)-

Semester I  Semester II  
Modern Pharmaceutical Analytical Techniques  Medicinal Plant biotechnology  
Advanced Pharmacognosy-1  Advanced Pharmacognosy-II  
Phytochemistry  Indian system of medicine Herbal cosmetics  
Industrial Pharmacognostical Technology  Pharmacognosy Practical II  
Pharmacognosy Practical I   

Common subjects for all Specializations M. Pharma-

Semester III  Semester IV  
Research Methodology and Biostatistics  Journal Club  
Journal club  Research Work  
Discussion / Presentation (Proposal Presentation)Discussion/Final Presentation  

Higher educational course Options after M. Pharmacy-

Doctoral Courses-

Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences – 3 years

Eligibility Criteria-

Ph.D. in pharmaceutical science is the research program in the pharmacy field for further studies. Candidates can pursue this course after completing M. Pharm from a well-recognized institution. B. Pharma graduates can either go for jobs in the related field or an option for further advanced studies.

Candidate can go for Ph. D. in subjects like pharmacology, medicinal chemistry, they will get good salary in research field. They can become professor in government colleges.

After M. pharma and Ph. D. there is a good scope in foreign countries for research and other departments. Also, management from good institute is also a very good option.

You may read- B. pharma.

Career opportunity after M. pharmacy-

In Pharmaceutical healthcare practice-

Pharmacist– After M. pharma, candidate also works in pharmaceutical healthcare practice on the post of Pharmacist. It is as similar to the same as b. pharma in the healthcare profession. They manage the pharmacy and dispensing the medications to a person with their use and side effects. The pharmacist is works in these posts are-

-Hospital Pharmacist

-Community Pharmacist

-Clinical Pharmacist

-Dispensary Pharmacist or Manager

-Medicines Safety Manager

-Medicines Management Technician

-Pharmacy Assistant

In pharmaceutical industries-

Research and Development- The department of research and development is related to the research on new drugs, process development, formulation, clinical trials and other studies related to a new drug. This department works in the New Drug Discovery Research and Novel Drug Delivery Systems.

Research and Development is the main branch of the pharmaceutical industry, because it is the key to growth and nourishment of the industry. The posts for in research and development are-

-Research and Development Chemist

-Research and Development Executive

-Research Scientist

-Research Associates

-Group Leader – Research and Development

-Head – Research and Development

-Vice President – Research and Development

Production and manufacturing- In production and manufacturing, the combination and transformation of various resources like-Raw material, Labor, Machine are used in the production subsystem of the organization into value-added products as per the policies of the organization in a controlled manner.

The production department manages the production schedule, staffing, procurement, and maintenance of equipment and coordinates with other production activities among different departments. The candidate works as the production chemist with a higher scope in manufacturing. The posts in the production departments are-

-Production Chemist

-Production Officer

-Production Executive

-Production Planner

-Production Manager

-Production Consultant

Quality Control- Quality control is the branch of quality management that focused on fulfilling quality requirements in an organization. These deal with the sampling, inspecting, testing, monitoring, releasing or rejecting of starting materials, packaging materials, intermediates, bulk products, under process products, finished products in their quality. The posts in the quality control department are-

-Quality Control Chemist

-Quality Control Executive

-Technical Manager – Quality Control

-Quality Control Manager

Quality Assurance- Quality assurance is the branch of quality management that focused on providing confidence that quality requirements will be fulfilled in an organization.

It is a comprehensive concept that concerning all matters that individually or collectively influence the quality of the product. They ensure product quality starting from the procurement of raw materials up to the marketing of the manufactured products.

They play an important role and maintain the Total Quality Management System needed for building the confidence that manufactured products are of standard quality with minimum risk of rejection and maximum customer satisfaction. The posts in the quality assurance department are-

-Quality assurance Inspector

-Quality assurance Executive

-Document Controller

-QMS – coordinator

-Validation – coordinator

-Quality assurance Manager

Clinical Research- Clinical research is determining the safety and effectiveness of drugs, devices, diagnostic products and treatment in an organization that regimens intended for human use. These may be used to prevent, treat, diagnosis or for relieving symptoms of a disease with the effect.

It is differed from clinical practice because, in clinical practice, one uses established treatments while in clinical research evidence is collected to establish a treatment. The departments in clinical research are clinical trials, bioequivalence study, pharmacokinetics study and toxicological studies with their area. The posts for work in clinical research are-

-Clinical Training Analyst

-Clinical Research Monitor

-Clinical Research Associate

-Clinical Affairs – Project Manager

-Clinical Trials Manager

-Clinical Research Coordinator

-Clinical Research Manager

-Patient Recruiter

-Manager Clinical Operation

Sales and Marketing- The sales and department are managing the team management in market, strategic planning for the marketing of the medication, and marketing of the other pharmaceutical products.

These are the middle keys between pharmaceutical companies and medical and healthcare professionals to promote products. The department of sales and marketing is consisting of many divisions that maintains the marketing of the products. This department has a reputed post in the company that manages the marketing of pharmaceutical products of an organization. The posts in sales and marketing are-

-Medical Representative

-Marketing Executive

-Territory manager

-General Manager

-Sales Officer

-Area Sales Manager

-Regional Sales Manager

-Zonal Sales Manager

-General Marketing Manager

In Government Organization-

Academics- After M pharma the candidate makes their career in excellent opportunities in teaching profession also. As per the AICTE norms the minimum entry-level qualification as Assistant Professor is M. Pharma.

They are eligible to work as lecturer for both diploma and graduation students in the institutes and universities. They also work as the HODs, Dean, professor and manages the institutes and universities.

For those candidates who are having an interest in the teaching field, they can make out a career in the field of academics. Apart from a bright career teaching line also gives in a lot of satisfaction upon giving sharing your valuable experience and knowledge with other students and watching them prosper. The posts for academics are-

-Assistant Professor

-Associate Professor

-Professor

-HOD or Dean

-Registrar

-Vice-chancellor

(NOTE- There is also same work in both private and government colleges and universities.)

Government Sector- In the government sector generally, there are no specific jobs for a master’s degree. The jobs are similar to b. pharma in the government sector. The government sector is providing the more job opportunities for all the education completed candidates.

So, the candidates who have completed M. Pharma can also apply for various jobs in the Government sector. Before applying for any government job, you must get a minimum of 60% in your graduation or postgraduation registered in PCI. The post in the government sector are-

-Pharmacist- In Amy, Navy, Air force, and government Hospitals

-Drug Inspector, Assistant Drug Controller, Deputy Drug Controller in the center, Drug Controller of the state, and finally the D.C. I. (Drug Controller of India)

-Scientist in CSIR/ICMR

-Drug Analyst

-Food Inspector

-Govt. Analytical and Forensic scientists

-Govt. Certified Pharmacologist and Toxicologist

-Selected in UPSE and State Public Service Commission’s competition

-Consultant in Mental health, Addaction, family planning, poisons, self-medication, and immunization

REGULATORY BODIES

In the present scenario, the regulatory body ensures compliance in various legal and regulatory aspects of a drug. Regulatory authorities are established in every country that applies the rules and regulations and issue the guidelines to regulate drug development, production, licensing, registration, marketing, labeling, and packaging of the pharmaceutical products.

On the other hand, there are some national and international regulatory authorities that also regulate the rules and regulations from drug development to the marketing of pharmaceutical products. The posts in regulatory bodies are-

-National Bodies

-Central Drug Standard Control Organization

-Indian Council of Medical Research

-Minister of Health and Family Welfare

– PCI (Pharmacy Council of India)

-AICTE (All India Council of Technical Education)

-International Bodies

-ICH (International Conference of Harmonization)

-United Nation Health Care Organization

-World Health Organization

-World Trade Organization

Entrepreneurship

An individual in this world has two options to earn his bread and butter; one to have his own enterprise and provide employment and to be an employee of existing enterprises.

It is left to the individual to decide whether he would only earn his bread and butter by being an employee of an enterprise or would provide employment to others to earn their bread and butter by establishing an enterprise. The entrepreneur is the one who has initiated business and owns an enterprise. The scope of pharma entrepreneur are-

-Large-and small-scale production

-Contract research and manufacturing

-Self-analytical lab

-Ayurvedic production

-Food and cosmetics industry

-Production of raw material

-Manufacturing and Production of new formulations

-Preparation of Biologicals

-Sub-Contracting for Manufacturing

-E-commerce- pharmacy

-Startups in pharmacy


This Post Has 2 Comments

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